Anemia is a common problem in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients have a greater severity of anemia as the level of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) decreases compared to non-diabetic patients. Despite these facts, anemia is unrecognized and largely untreated in patients with diabetes in Ethiopia particularly in those patients attending Fenote Selam Hospital. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the association of anemia and renal function test among diabetes mellitus patients attending Fenote Selam Hospital, North West of Ethiopia.
An Institutional -based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2012 to April 2012 on diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Systematic random sampling technique was used to get the total sample size of 384 patients. A total of seven ml of venous blood was collected from diabetes mellitus patients; two ml was collected by EDTA anticoagualted vacutainer test tube for haemoglobin determination and 5 ml venous blood was collected by plain vacutainer tube for creatinine and Blood urea nitrogen determination. The data were double entered and analyzed using SPSS-16 statistical software. The degree of association between independent and dependent variables was assessed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis in terms of P-value and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval.
Out of the total 384 DM patients included in the study 73 (19%) were anemic. Fifty three (13.8%), forty eight (12.5%), and two hundred eighty three (73.7%) DM patients had an estimated GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m, 60 – 90 ml/min/ 1.73 m, and > 90 ml/min/1.73 m respectively. One hundred eleven (28.9%) diabetic patients had increased urine albumin level. There was a statistically significant association between anaemia and Glomerular filtration rate (P<0.05) with Odds ratio of 8.58 and CI (10.21, 49.94). As the glomerular filtration rate increase, the risk to be anemic will decrease dramatically.
The study showed that there was a significant association between anaemia and Glomerular filtration rate in DM patients. Therefore, DM patients should be strictly monitored for renal failure and anemia for proper management of diabetes patients.