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Table 2 Distribution of child health, dieting habit and environmental characteristics of school age children with and without anemia (n = 391), Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia, April to May 2017

From: Anemia and its associated factors among school-age children living in different climatic zones of Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Category Anemic COR (95% CI) p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Presence of illness in the last two weeks prior to the survey Yes 2 (12.5) 14 (87.5) 0.23 (0.05–1.02) 0.054*
No 144 (38.4) 231 (61.6) 1  
Current IP infection Positive 87 (47.8) 95 (52.2) 2.33 (1.53–3.54) 0.000*
Negative 59 (28.2) 150 (71.8) 1  
HAZ < -2 Yes 69 (42.3) 94 (57.7) 1.42 (0.94–2.15) 0.097*
No 77 (34.1) 149 (65.9) 1  
BAZ < -2 Yes 13 (41.9) 18 (58.1) 1.22 (0.58–2.57) 0.598
No 133 (37.2) 225 (62.8) 1  
Number of days the child eat fruit in the last week prior to the survey Do not eat fruits 94 (44.1) 119 (55.9) 1.81 (1.01–3.22) 0.046*
<=3 days 31 (28.4) 78 (71.6) 0.91 (0.47–1.76) 0.776
> 3 days 21 (30.4) 48 (69.6) 1  
Number of serving of fruit the child eat on one of those days <  3 servings 44 (28.0) 113 (72.0) 0.63 (0.25–1.63) 0.344
> = 3 servings 8 (38.1) 13 (61.9) 1  
Number of days the child eat vegetables in the last week prior to the survey Do not eat vegetables 13 (24.5) 40 (75.5) 0.44 (0.22–0.86) 0.017*
<=3 days 41 (33.3) 82 (66.7) 0.67 (0.42–1.06) 0.088*
> 3 days 92 (42.8) 123 (57.2) 1  
Number of serving of vegetables the child eat on one of those days <  3 servings 127 (39.8) 192 (60.2) 1.43 (0.53–3.87) 0.477
> = 3 servings 6 (31.6) 13 (68.4) 1  
Number of days the child eat meat/meat products in the last week prior to the survey Do not eat meat/MPs 136 (37.4) 228 (62.6) 0.60 (0.04–9.61) 0.716
<=3 days 9 (36.0) 16 (64.0) 0.56 (0.03–10.12) 0.696
>  3 days 1 (50.0) 1 (50.0) 1  
Child DDS < 4 food groups 65 (42.5) 88 (57.5) 1.43 (0.94–2.17) 0.092*
> = 4 food groups 81 (34.0) 157 (66.0) 1  
Latrine availability at home Yes 138 (36.9) 236 (63.1) 1  
No 8 (47.1) 9 (52.9) 1.52 (0.57–4.03) 0.400
Source of drinking water Safe (pipe, protected well or spring) 127 (37.5) 212 (62.5) 1  
Unsafe (river, unprotected well or spring) 19 (36.5) 33 (63.5) 0.96 (0.52–1.76) 0.898
Waste disposal system Appropriate (burning, pit, garbage can) 111 (35.5) 202 (64.5) 1  
Inappropriate (open field/no disposal system) 35 (44.9) 43 (55.1) 1.48 (0.90–2.45) 0.126*
Ever sleeps under bed net Yes 52 (34.0) 101 (66.0) 1  
No 94 (39.5) 144 (60.5) 1.27 (0.83–1.94) 0.272
Ever received health or nutrition related information Yes 61 (33.3) 122 (66.7) 1  
No 85 (40.9) 123 (59.1) 1.38 (0.91–2.09) 0.125*
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; * = p-value < 0.25