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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic and economic characteristics of school age children with and without anemia (n = 391), Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia, April to May 2017

From: Anemia and its associated factors among school-age children living in different climatic zones of Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Categories Anemic COR (95%CI) p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Age of child (in years) 6–11 100 (39.4) 154 (60.6) 1.26 (0.83–1.98) 0.259
12–14 46 (33.6) 91 (66.4) 1  
Child sex Male 72 (36.7) 124 (63.3) 1  
Female 74 (37.9) 121 (62.1) 1.05 (0.70–1.59) 0.804
School Enrolment Enrolled 69 (30.9) 154 (69.1) 1  
Non enrolled 77 (45.8) 91 (54.2) 1.89 (1.25–2.86) 0.003*
Age of parent/ care giver 18–35 68 (35.4) 124 (64.6) 1  
36–45 58 (39.7) 88 (60.3) 1.20 (0.77–1.87) 0.417
> 45 20 (37.7) 33 (62.8) 1.11 (0.59–2.07) 0.755
Sex of parent/ care giver Male 54 (45.8) 64 (54.2) 1  
Female 92 (33.7) 181 (66.3) 0.60 (0.39–0.94) 0.024*
Educational status of mother No formal education/unable to read and write 114 (38.6) 181 (61.4) 1.26 (0.78–2.05) 0.351
Formal education 32 (33.3) 64 (66.7) 1  
Educational status of father No formal education 103 (39.8) 156 (60.2) 1.37 (0.88–2.12) 0.165*
Formal education 43 (32.6) 89 (67.4) 1  
Occupation of mother/ care giver Housewife 141 (38.1) 229 (61.9) 1.97 (0.71–5.50) 0.195*
Working 5 (23.8) 16 (76.2) 1  
Occupation of father Government employee 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 2.42 (0.75–7.76) 0.138*
Private employee 139 (36.7) 240 (63.3) 1  
Family size (in number) < 4 5 (27.8) 13 (72.2) 1  
> = 4 141 (37.8) 232 (62.2) 1.58 (0.55–4.53) 0.394
Family wealth terciles Poor 53 (40.8) 77 (59.2) 1.39 (0.84–2.31) 0.199*
Medium 50 (38.2) 81 (61.8) 1.25 (0.75–2.08) 0.391
Rich 43 (33.1) 87 (66.9) 1  
Household food security status Food secured 68 (36.8) 117 (63.2) 1  
Food insecured 78 (37.9) 128 (62.1) 1.05 (0.70–1.58) 0.821
Altitude in meter (based on malaria transmission) <  1500 49 (30.8) 110 (69.2) 0.52 (0.32–0.84) 0.008*
1500-2500 40 (36.7) 69 (63.3) 0.67 (0.40–1.14) 0.138*
Malaria free (≥ 2500) 57 (46.3) 66 (53.7) 1  
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; * = p-value < 0.25