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Table 2 Association between anemia and malaria infection, intestinal parasite and Schistosomiasis among pregnant women

From: Biochemical and hematological changes among anemic and non-anemic pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the Bolgatanga regional hospital, Ghana

  Anemic (n = 253) Non-anemic (n = 147) Statistics p-value
Characteristics    X2 value, df  
Plasmodium falciparum    6.455, 1 0.0111
 Not seen 186 (73.5%) 132 (89.8%)   
 1+ 52 (20.6%) 14 (9.5%)   
 2++ 10 (4.0%) 1 (0.7%)   
Parasite density(pa/ul)# 2159 (926.2–7205.3) 809.4 (479.3–941.5)   0.0487
Intestinal parasite    8.371, 2 0.0152
 Not seen 183 (72.3%) 120 (81.6%)   
 1+ 70 (27.7%) 27 (18.4%)   
Schistosomiasis   
 Not seen 251 (99.2) 147 (100.0%)   
 S. haematobium (++) 1 (0.4%)   
S. mansoni (++) 1 (0.4%)   
  1. Values are presented as frequency (percentage); #: geometric mean (confidence interval). X2: Chi-square value; df: degree of freedom