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Table 4 Bivariate Analysis of factors associated with anaemia

From: Prevalence of Anaemia and Associated Risk Factors among Children in North-western Uganda: A Cross Sectional Study

Variables Have anaemia Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-value
Yes No
Sex
 Femalea 48 (31.0) 107 (69.0) 1 0.224
 Male 65 (37.4) 109 (62.6) 1.3 (0.8,2.1)  
Age group
 1–5a 68 (37.2) 128 (62.8) 1 0.156
 6–11 43 (33.3) 86 (66.7) 0.9 (0.6,1.5)  
 12–14 2 (11.8) 15 (88.2) 0.3 (0.1,1,1)  
Malaria
 Negativea 93 (32.8) 191 (67.2) 1 0.190
 Positive 20 (42.6) 27 (57.4) 1.5 (0.8,2.9)  
Bed net
 Noa 8 (38.1) 13 (61.9) 1 0.612
 Yes 105 (32.7) 216 (67.3) 0.8 (0.3,2.0)  
Meat
 Nevera 28 (34.6) 53 (65.4) 1 0.943
 Once/week 44 (32.3) 92 (67.7) 0.9 (0.5,1.6)  
 > 1 per week 41 (32.8) 84 (67.2) 0.9 (0.5,1.7)  
Fish
 Nevera 18 (41.9) 25 (58.1) 1 0.336
 Once/week 43 (29.9) 101 (70.1) 0.6 (0.3,1.2)  
 > 1 per week 52 (33.6) 103 (66.4) 0.7 (0.3,1.4)  
Meals
 once/twicea 15 (36.6) 26 (63.4) 1 0.608
 Thrice 98 (32.6) 203 (67.4) 0.8 (0.4,1.7)  
Survival
 Both alivea 105 (32.5) 218 (67.5) 1 0.388
 One parent 8 (42.1) 11 (57.9) 1.5 (0.6,3.9)  
HH size (members)
1–3a 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1) 1 0.021
4–6 44 (31.9) 94 (68.1) 0.4 (0.2,0.8)  
6 or more 50 (31.9) 107 (68.1) 0.4 (0.2,0.8)  
Income
 10 k–149 ka 31 (44.3) 39 (55.7) 1 0.136
 150 k–299 k 35 (31.0) 78 (69.0) 0.6 (0.3,1.1)  
 300 k–599 k 40 (30.8) 90 (69.2) 0.6 (0.3,1.0)  
 600 k + 7 (24.1) 22 (75.9) 0.4 (0.1,1.1)  
Maternal parity
 1–4a 89 (37.9) 146 (62.1) 1 0.005
 5 + 24 (22.4) 83 (77.6) 0.5 (0.3,0.8)  
Maternal age
 16–23a 34 (42.0) 47 (58.0) 1 0.040
 24–29 39 (37.9) 64 (62.1) 0.8 (0.5,1.5)  
 30–33 17 (24.3) 53 (75.7) 0.4 (0.2,0.9)  
 34–58 23 (26.1) 65 (73.9) 0.5 (0.3,0.9)  
Underweight (Weight for age Z scores)
 Noa 97 (32.2) 203 (67.7) 1 0.014
 Yes 16 (55.2) 13 (44.8) 2.6 (1.2,5.6)  
Stunting (Height for age Z scores)
 Noa 87 (31.1) 193 (68.9) 1 0.003
 Yes 26 (53.1) 23 (46.9) 2.5 (1.3,4.7)  
Wasting (Weight for Height Z scores)
 Noa 105 (36.6) 182 (63.4) 1 0.670
 Yes 4 (30.8) 9 (69.2) 0.8 (0.2,2.6)  
Mother’s Highest Level of education
 No formal educationa 12 (32.4) 25 (67.6) 1 0.576
 Primary 70 (36.7) 121 (63.4) 1.2 (0.6,2.6)  
 Secondary and above 31 (30.7) 70 (69.3) 0.9 (0.4,2.1)  
Father’s Highest Level of education
 No formal educationa 4 (33.3) 8 (66.7) 1 0.926
 Primary 39 (33.0) 79 (67.0) 1.0 (0.3,3.5)  
 Secondary and above 70 (35.2) 129 (64.8) 1.1 (0.3,3.7)  
Presence of worms
 Yesa 1 (12.5) 7 (87.5) 1 0.193
 No 179 (65.3) 95 (34.7) 0.27 (0.03,2.24)  
  1. Note:a (Reference group)