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Table 2 Predictors of anemia

From: Effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Gambella, southwest Ethiopia

Variables Anemia COR (95% CI) P- value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Yes n (%) No n (%)
Age
 18–29 35 (58.3) 25 (41.7) 1   1  
 30–39 39 (47.0) 44 (53.0) 0.63 (0.32–1.24) 0.181 0.58 (0.27–1.23) 0.157
 40–49 11 (47.8) 12 (52.2) 0.65 (0.25–1.72) 0.390 0.73 (0.25–2.12) 0.563
  ≥ 50 4 (66.7) 2 (33.3) 1.43 (0.24–8.41) 0.693 1.79 (0.23–13.68) 0.571
Sex
 F 55 (52.9) 49 (47.1) 1.12 (0.61–2.07) 0.711   
 M 34 (50.0) 34 (50.0) 1    
Resident
 Urban 75 (49.0) 78 (51.0) 1   1  
 Rural 14 (73.7) 5 (26.3) 2.91 (1.00–8.48) 0.050 4.67 (1.44–15.14) 0.010
BMI
  < 18.5 23 (52.3) 21 (47.7) 0.73 (0.18–2.95) 0.659   
 18.5–24.99 60 (50.8) 58 (69.2) 0.69 (0.18–2.57) 0.580   
  > 25 6 (60.0) 4 (40.0) 1    
HAART status
 Yes 70 (49.3) 72 (50.7) 1   1  
 No 19 (63.3) 11 (36.7) 1.77 (0.79–4.00) 0.165 1.87 (0.71–4.91) 0.203
Opportunistic infection
 Yes 7 (43.8) 9 (56.2) 0.70 (0.25–1.98) 0.503   
 No 82 (52.6) 74 (47.4) 1    
Intestinal parasite
 Yes 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 1.54 (0.48–4.91) 0.465   
 No 81 (50.9) 78 (49.1) 1    
Malaria infection
 Yes 52 (60.5) 34 (39.5) 2.02 (1.10–3.72) 0.023 2.42 (1.16–5.04) 0.018
 No 37 (43.0) 49 (57.0) 1   1
Parasitic density of malaria
 1–999 12 (57.1) 9 (42.9) 1    
 1000–9999 26 (60.5) 17 (39.5) 0.76 (0.22–2.59) 0.664   
  ≥ 10,000 14 (63.6) 8 (36.4) 0.87 (0.30–2.53) 0.804   
CD4+ count (cells/μl)
  ≤ 200 18 (69.2) 8 (30.8) 1.62 (0.61–4.30) 0.328 1.34 (0.45–3.94) 0.596
 200–499 35 (41.7) 49 (58.3) 0.52 (0.26–1.00) 0.051 0.37 (0.17–0.77) 0.009
  ≥ 500 36 (58.1) 26 (41.9) 1   1  
  1. *COR-Crude odd ratio, AOR-Adjusted odd ratio, CI-Confidence interval, 1-indicator and Statistical significant at p < 0.05