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Table 5 Reported behaviors toward preventive measures against anemia in the Taabo HDSS, south-central Côte d’Ivoire

From: Local concepts of anemia-related illnesses and public health implications in the Taabo health demographic surveillance system, Côte d’Ivoire

Characteristics Women (N=115) Children (N=200)
  Spontaneous n(%) Probed n(%) p(KW) p(WRS) Spontaneous n(%) Probed n(%) p(KW) p(WRS)
Varied dieta 26 (22.6) 82 (71.3) 0.122 0.206 46 (23.0) 121 (60.5) 0.402 0.048
Protection from malariab 15 (13.0) 90 (78.3) 0.053 0.395 15 (7.5) 158 (79.0) 0.110 0.899
Drink bissap 14 (12.2) 92 (80.0) 0.073 0.689 36 (18.0) 129 (64.5) 0.083 0.553
Eat meat, fish 16 (13.9) 76 (66.1) 0.046 0.191 10 (20.0) 132 (66.0) 0.448 0.058
Traditional medicine 4 (3.5) 95 (82.6) 0.417 0.641 2 (1.0) 143 (71.5) 0.005 0.267
Prayers, spiritual practices 0 65 (56.5) 0.005 0.014 5 (2.5) 124 (62.0) <0.001 0.131
Good hygiene 3 (4.5) 0 0.443 0.707 13 (6.5) N/A 0.075 0.983
Eat leafy vegetables 29 (25.2) N/A 0.705 0.618 5 (2.5) N/A 0.694 0.157
Drink Coca-Cola 9 (7.8) N/A 0.022 0.238 13 (6.5) N/A 0.001 0.985
Eat tomatoes 11 (9.6) N/A 0.028 0.109 10 (5.0) 148 (74.0) 0.679 0.146
Visit health centersc 32 (27.8) 76 (66.1) 0.106 0.433 34 (17.0) 132 (66.0) 0.110 0.794
  1. Mean prominence of reported variables (coded 2 if spontaneously reported; 1, if reported after probing; and 0 if not reported) of women and children are reported. Mean prominence of reported variables have been compared across study settings and between people who had been exposed to prior research and those newly recruited with the Kruskal-Wallis (KW) and Wilcoxon rank-sum (WRS) tests, respectively, and associated p-values are reported. Multiple responses were permitted.
  2. a Spontaneous responses include “we shall eat enough/good food/vitamins”, “we shall watch for our alimentation” (see Discussion).
  3. b Three types of spontaneous answers are grouped here: “not walking under the sun”, “protection against djékouadjo”, and “protection against mosquitoes”.
  4. c People either mention “we shall do regular health check-up” or “we shall go to the doctor when we are ill”.
  5. N/A, not applicable.