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Table 1 Etiological breakup of 250 cases of pancytopenia

From: An etiological reappraisal of pancytopenia - largest series reported to date from a single tertiary care teaching hospital

Causes No. of cases
Hypersplenism  
Congestive splenomegaly 45
Malaria 15
Tropical splenomegaly 3
Thalassemia 1
Hodgkin’s Disease 1
Idiopathic 8
Total 73 (29.2% )
Infections  
AIDS 30
Septicemia 14
Enteric fever 9
Tuberculosis 8
Viral hepatitis 3
Total 64 (25.6% )
Myelosuppressants  
Carcinoma 18
Leukemia 7
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) 5
Hodgkin’s disease 2
Others 10
Total 42 (16.8% )
Megaloblastosis 33 (13.2%)
Hypoplastic / Aplastic anemia 12 (4.8%)
Leukemia 7 (2.8%)
Lymphoma 2 (0.8%)
Plasma cell dyscrasia (PCD) 2 (0.8%)
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) 1 (0.4%)
Miscellaneous 14 (5.6%)
Grand Total 250 (100%)