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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analysis showing factors associated with anemia among school aged children (n = 391), Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia, April to May 2017

From: Anemia and its associated factors among school-age children living in different climatic zones of Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Categories Anemic AOR (95%CI) p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
School Enrolment Enrolled 69 (30.9) 154 (69.1) 1  
Non enrolled 77 (45.8) 91 (54.2) 2.05 (1.26–3.32) 0.004*
Sex of parent/ care giver Male 54 (45.8) 64 (54.2) 1  
Female 92 (33.7) 181 (66.3) 0.65 (0.36–1.14) 0.133
Educational status of father No formal education 103 (39.8) 156 (60.2) 0.87 (0.47–1.63) 0.666
Formal education 43 (32.6) 89 (67.4) 1  
Occupation of mother/ care giver Housewife 141 (38.1) 229 (61.9) 2.09 (0.64–6.76) 0.220
Working 5 (23.8) 16 (76.2) 1  
Occupation of father Government employee 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 3.41 (0.84–13.96) 0.088
Private employee 139 (36.7) 240 (63.3) 1  
Family wealth terciles Poor 53 (40.8) 77 (59.2) 0.63 (0.23–1.73) 0.369
Medium 50 (38.2) 81 (61.8) 0.70 (0.29–1.69) 0.422
Rich 43 (33.1) 87 (66.9) 1  
Altitude in Meter (based on malaria transmission) <  1500 49 (30.8) 110 (69.2) 0.66 (0.17–2.56) 0.546
1500-2500 40 (36.7) 69 (63.3) 0.77 (0.33–1.81) 0.552
Malaria free (> 2500) 57 (46.3) 66 (53.7) 1  
Presence of illness in the last two weeks prior to the survey Yes 2 (12.5) 14 (87.5) 0.30 (0.06–1.57) 0.153
No 144 (38.4) 231 (61.6) 1  
Current IP infection Positive 87 (47.8) 95 (52.2) 3.30 (2.04–5.35) 0.000*
Negative 59 (28.2) 150 (71.8)   
HAZ < -2Z score Yes 69 (42.3) 94 (57.7) 1.22 (0.74–2.03) 0.443
No 77 (34.1) 149 (65.9)   
Number of days the child eat fruit in the last week prior to the survey Do not eat fruits 94 (44.1) 119 (55.9) 1.70 (0.57–5.06) 0.339
<=3 days 31 (28.4) 78 (71.6) 1.08 (0.51–2.31) 0.842
> 3 days 21 (30.4) 48 (69.6) 1  
Number of days the child eat vegetables in the last week prior to the survey Do not eat vegetables 13 (24.5) 40 (75.5) 0.35 (0.14–0.84) 0.019*
<=3 days 41 (33.3) 82 (66.7) 0.83 (0.43–1.63) 0.597
> 3 days 92 (42.8) 123 (57.2) 1  
Child DDS < 4 food groups 65 (42.5) 88 (57.5) 1.27 (0.66–2.44) 0.473
> = 4 food groups 81 (34.0) 157 (66.0) 1  
Waste disposal system Appropriate (burning, pit, garbage can) 111 (35.5) 202 (64.5) 1  
Inappropriate (open field/no disposal system) 35 (44.9) 43 (55.1) 0.56 (0.22–1.42) 0.222
Ever received health or nutrition related information Yes 61 (33.3) 122 (66.7) 1  
No 85 (40.9) 123 (59.1) 1.19 (0.67–2.12) 0.546
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; * = p-value < 0.05