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Table 1 Hematological and biochemical profile stratified according to anemic and non-anemic pregnant women

From: Biochemical and hematological changes among anemic and non-anemic pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the Bolgatanga regional hospital, Ghana

Parameters Anemic Non-anemic p-value
  (n = 253) (n = 147)  
Maternal age (years) 27.53 ± 5.31 28.02 ± 4.97 0.309
Hematological profile
 HGB (g/dl) 9.31 ± 1.34 11.89 ± 0.80 < 0.0001
 WBC (/μL) 10.26 ± 1.68 6.13 ± 1.39 0.0006
 HCT (%) 29.08 ± 3.34 35.43 ± 4.76 < 0.0001
 MCHC (g/dl) 31.88 ± 2.02 33.43 ± 1.58 < 0.0001
 MCV (fl) 78.72 ± 9.02 85.94 ± 8.32 < 0.0001
 RDW (%) 16.87 ± 5.95 14.79 ± 3.55 0.048
Biochemical profile
 Serum ferritin (ng/ml)a 19.7 (15.2–94.0) 29.3 (21.4–106) 0.0180
 Serum iron (μg/dl)a 88.3 (73.9–182) 152.7 (81.0–201) 0.0273
 TIBC (μg/dl)a 369 (118.0–532.0) 302 (93–379) 0.0438
 TfS (%)a 20.7 (6.6–26.4) 24.6 (8.1–27.5) 0.0391
 Total Bilirubin (μmol/l) 18.09 ± 6.63 18.64 ± 6.33 0.564
 Direct Bilirubin (μmol/l) 5.45 ± 2.13 5.82 ± 2.37 0.249
 Indirect Bilirubin (μmol/l) 12.79 ± 6.08 13.26 ± 6.06 0.593
MCV (< 80 fL)b 43 (16.9%) 8 (5.4%) 0.0115
RDW (> 15%)b 38 (15.0%) 5 (3.4%) 0.0052
Serum iron(< 40 μg/dl)b 47 (18.6%) 9 (6.1%) 0.0092
Ferritin (< 12 ng/ml)b 41 (16.2%) 9 (6.1%) 0.0400
TIBC(> 500 μg/dl) 39 (15.4%) 5 (3.4%) 0.0015
  1. TIBC Total iron binding capacity, TfS Transferrin saturation, HGB hemoglobin, WBC White blood cells, HCT Hematocrit, MCHC Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, MCV Mean corpuscular volume, RDW Red cell distribution width. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant different
  2. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation, amedian (interquartile range). bfrequency (percentages)