Skip to main content

Table 5 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with anaemia

From: Prevalence of Anaemia and Associated Risk Factors among Children in North-western Uganda: A Cross Sectional Study

Variables Have anaemia Unadjusted Odd ratio (95% CI) P-value Adjusted Odd ratio (95% CI) P-value
Yes No
Sex
 Femalea 48 (31.0) 107 (69.0) 1 0.224   
 Male 65 (37.4) 109 (62.6) 1.3 (0.8,2.1)    
Age group
 1–5a 68 (37.2) 128 (62.8) 1 0.156   
 6–11 43 (33.3) 86 (66.7) 0.9 (0.6,1.5)    
 12–14 2 (11.8) 15 (88.2) 0.3 (0.1,1,1)    
Malaria
 Negativea 93 (32.8) 191 (67.2) 1 0.190   
 Positive 20 (42.6) 27 (57.4) 1.5 (0.8,2.9)    
HH size (members)
 1–3a 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1) 1 0.021   
 4–6 44 (31.9) 94 (68.1) 0.4 (0.2,0.8)    
 6 or more 50 (31.9) 107 (68.1) 0.4 (0.2,0.8)    
Income
 10 k–149 ka 31 (44.3) 39 (55.7) 1 0.136   
 150 k–299 k 35 (31.0) 78 (69.0) 0.6 (0.3,1.1)    
 300 k–599 k 40 (30.8) 90 (69.2) 0.6 (0.3,1.0)    
 600 k + 7 (24.1) 22 (75.9) 0.4 (0.1,1.1)    
Maternal parity
 1–4a 89 (37.9) 146 (62.1) 1 0.005 1 0.002
5 + 24 (22.4) 83 (77.6) 0.5 (0.3,0.8)   0.4 (0.3,0.7)  
Maternal age
 16–23a 34 (42.0) 47 (58.0) 1 0.040 1 0.321
 24–29 39 (37.9) 64 (62.1) 0.8 (0.5,1.5)   1.0 (0.9,1.0)  
 30–33 17 (24.3) 53 (75.7) 0.4 (0.2,0.9)    
 34–58 23 (26.1) 65 (73.9) 0.5 (0.3,0.9)    
Underweight (Weight for age Z scores)
 Noa 97 (32.2) 203 (67.7) 1 0.014 1 0.352
 Yes 16 (55.2) 13 (44.8) 2.6 (1.2,5.6)   1.6 (0.6,4.2)  
Stunting (Height for age Z scores)
 Noa 87 (31.1) 193 (68.9) 1 0.003 1 0.004
 Yes 26 (53.1) 23 (46.9) 2.5 (1.3,4.7)   2.5 (1.3,4.7)  
Presence of worms
 Noa 179 (65.3) 95 (34.7) 1 0.193 1 0.167
 Yes 1 (12.5) 7 (87.5) 0.27(0.03,2.24)   0.22 (0.26,1.88)  
  1. Note:a (Reference group)