Skip to main content

Table 4 Predictors of leucopenia

From: Effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Gambella, southwest Ethiopia

Variables Leucopenia COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-Value
Yes n (%) No n (%)
Sex
 F 41 (39.4) 63 (60.6) 0.98 (0.53–1.84) 0.970   
 M 27 (39.7) 41 (60.3) 1    
Age
 18–29 23 (38.3) 37 (61.7) 1    
 30–39 35 (42.2) 48 (57.8) 1.17 (0.59–2.31) 0.645   
 40–49 7 (30.4) 16 (69.6) 0.70 (0.25–1.97) 0.504   
  ≥ 50 3 (50.0) 3 (50.0) 1.61 (0.23–8.65) 0.580   
HAART status
 Yes 56 (39.4) 86 (60.6) 1    
 No 12 (40.0) 18 (60.0) 1.02 (0.46–2.28) 0.954   
Opportunistic infection
 Yes 5 (31.2) 11 (68.8) 0.67 (0.22–2.02) 0.479   
 No 63 (40.4) 93 (59.6) 1    
Malaria infection
 Yes 37 (43.0) 49 (57.0) 1.34 (0.73–2.47) 0.350   
 No 31 (36.0) 55 (64.0) 1    
Malaria parasitic density (parasite/μl)
 1–999 13 (61.9) 8 (38.1) 1   1  
 1000–9999 20 (46.5) 23 (53.3) 0.53 (0.18–1.55) 0.250 0.55 (0.18–1.69) 0.303
  ≥ 10000 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8) 0.14 (0.34–0.55) 0.005 0.13 (0.03–0.57) 0.007
CD4+ count (cells/μl)
  ≤ 200 16 (61.5) 10 (38.5) 7.12 (2.58–19.61) <0.001 4.77 (1.23–18.45) 0.023
 200–499 25 (29.8) 59 (70.2) 3.11 (1.47–6.57) 0.003 2.85 (0.94–8.62) 0.064
  ≥ 500 20 (32.3) 42 (67.7) 1   1  
  1. *COR-Crude odd ratio, AOR-Adjusted odd ratio, CI-Confidence interval, 1- indicator and statistically significant at p < 0.05