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Table 3 Predictors of thrombocytopenia

From: Effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Gambella, southwest Ethiopia

Variables Thrombocytopenia COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-Value
Yes n (%) No n (%)
Age
 18–29 19 (31.7) 41 (68.3) 1    
 30–39 32 (38.6) 51 (61.4) 1.35 (0.67–2.72) 0.397   
 40–49 8 (34.5) 15 (65.5) 1.15 (0.42–3.17) 0.786   
  ≥ 50 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 1.08 (0.18–6.41) 0.933   
Sex
 F 37 (35.6) 67 (64.4) 1.05 (0.56–1.99) 0.868   
 M 24 (35.3) 44 (64.7) 1    
HAART status
 Yes 45 (31.7) 97 (68.3) 1   1  
 No 16 (53.3) 14 (46.7) 0.41 (0.18–0.90) 0.027 1.46 (0.59–3.59) 0.407
Opportunistic infection
 Yes 5 (31.2) 11 (68.8) 0.81 (0.27–2.45) 0.712   
 No 56 (35.9) 100 (64.1) 1    
Malaria infection
 Yes 51 (59.3) 35 (40.7) 11.07 (5.04–24.33) <0.001 9.79 (4.33–22.17) <0.001
 No 10 (11.6) 76 (88.4) 1   1  
Malaria parasitic density
 1–999 12 (57.1) 9 (42.9) 1    
 1000–9999 26 (60.5) 17 (39.5) 1.15 (0.39–3.30) 0.799   
  ≥ 10000 13 (59.1) 9 (40.9) 1.08 (0.32–3.64) 0.897   
CD4+ count (cells/μl)
  ≤ 200 16 (61.5) 10 (38.5) 3.36 (1.29–8.71) 0.013 2.69 (0.90–8.05) 0.076
 200–499 25 (29.8) 59 (70.2) 0.89 (0.44–1.80) 0.747 0.79 (0.33–1.80) 0.589
  ≥ 500 20 (32.3) 42 (67.7) 1   1  
  1. *COR-Crude odd ratio, AOR-Adjusted odd ratio, CI-Confidence interval, 1-indicator and statistically significant at p < 0.05