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Table 2 Association of socio-demographic and other clinical variables with anemia among HIV infected children attending Gondar university Hospital ART clinic from February – June, 2013

From: Prevalence and associated risk factors of anemia among HIV infected children attending Gondar university hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Variables Anemic Non-anemic COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Age 0.5–5years 4 (16.7 %) 20 (83.3 %) 1 (0.293–3.413) 1.388 (0.359–5.363)
5–11years 26 (16.0 %) 137 (84.0 %) 1.054 (0.509–2.183) 1.285 (0.590–2.7980)
11–14years 13 (16.7 %) 65 (83.3 %) 1a 1a
Sex Male 20 (14.9 %) 114 (85.1 %) 1a 1a
Female 23 (17.6 %) 108 (82.4 %) 0.824 (0.428–1.585) 0.741 (0.358–1.530)
Eating animal products Yes 28 (14.1 %) 171 (85.9 %) 1a  
No 15 (22.7 %) 51 (77.3 %) 0.557 (0.276–1.122)  
Eating green leafy vegetable Yes 31 (14.2 %) 188 (85.8 %) 1a 1a
No 12 (26.1 %) 34 (73.9 %) 0.467 (0.219–0.999) 0.430 (0.188–0.981)
WHO Clinical stage I 15 (23.8 %) 48 (76.2 %) 1a 1a
II 11 (15.3 %) 61 (84.7 %) 1.733 (0.73–4.116) 1.886 (0.758–4.689)
III 16 (15.2 %) 89 (84.8 %) 1.738 (0.791–3.819) 1.497 (0.557–4.022)
IV 1 (4.0 %) 24 (96.0 %) 7.5 (0.934–60.196) 4.806 (0.547–42.203)
HAART Yes 24 (12.8 %) 164 (87.2 %) 1a 1a
No 19 (24.7 %) 58 (75.3 %) 0.447 (0.228–0.875) 0.671 (0.272–1.652)
Opportunistic infections Yes 6 (31.6 %) 13 (68.4 %) 0.384 (0.137–1.073) 0.416 (0.131–1.319)
No 37 (15.0 %) 209 (85.0 %) 1a 1a
Cotrimoxazole Yes 27 (20.9 %) 102 (79.1 %) 1a 1a
No 16 (11.8 %) 120 (88.2 %) 1.985 (1.014–3.889) 2.169 (1.047–4.490)
Intestinal parasite infection Yes 10 (15.4 %) 55 (84.6 %) 1.087 (0.503–2.348) 0.841 (0.373–1.895)
No 33 (16.5 %) 167 (83.5 %) 1a 1a
CD4 percentage <15 % 9 (18.8 %) 39 (81.2 %) 0.744 (0.306–1.81) 0.956 (0.341–2.686)
15–25 % 17 (16.8 %) 84 (83.2 %) 0.848 (0.408–1.765) 1.022 (0.455–2.293)
>25 % 17 (14.7 %) 99 (85.3 %) 1a 1a
  1. aReference category, bold numeric indicates statistically significant association