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Table 2 Levels of Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia among the Sickle Cell Anaemia Patients and non-SCD controls

From: Serum levels of leptin in Nigerian patients with sickle cell anaemia

  SCA Patients
Parameter Control Steady Unsteady Total
No. of cases 22 31 24 55
Pf parasitaemia, n (%) 3 (13.6) 6 (19.4) 10 (41.7) 16 (29.1)
Relative risk, RR (95% CI)   0.4 (0.08 - 1.7)^   
GMPD, parasites/uL 1078.4 749.6* 4613.7 2335**
Axillary Temperature, (°C)     
Range (mean) 36.8 - 37.4 (37.1 ± 0.04) 36.8 - 37.7(37.2 ± 0.06)* 36.7 - 38. 9(37.7 ± 0.1) 36.7 - 38. 9 (37.4 ± 0.07)**
@Pyrexia rate, n (%) 0 6(25.8)* 14 (58.3) 20 (36.4)
  1. Data are expressed as range (mean ± SEM) or number (%); n = Number of positive cases *P < 0.05 (Stable vs. Unstable SCD patients); **P < 0.05 (Total SCD patients vs. Control) by Student's t-test or Chi-Square (χ2) analysis; ^Relative risk was not significant; P < 0.05 was considered to be significant. GMPD = Geometric mean parasite density; @Pyrexia was defined as axillary temperature > 37.4°C